Gynecomastia is the abnormal development of large mammary glands in males resulting in breast enlargement present in the males. This condition can occur physiologically in neonates as well as in adolescence and adults. It occurs in adolescents and adults due to some abnormality in the metabolism or disorders of the metabolism. In adolescents the cause is not obesity as misinterpreted by many, but it is due to some distress. It stops after a period of time as the age increases.
The actual cause of gynecomastia is yet unknown but it is considered that it is due to the imbalance in the action of sex hormones or the response of the target organ to the hormones. The root cause is not easily identified. The condition is caused by imbalance in the action of estrogen and androgens on the breast tissue.
Surgery for gynecomastia can be addressed to male patients who feel very self-conscious about their appearance. The procedure removes the fat and the glandular tissue from the breast and the unnecessary skin present over it. It gives flatter and stiff appearance with a masculine contour. Gynecomastia Surgery can be performed on man of any age with good emotional and physical health. All surgeries have risk and the uncertainty. The complications can be infections, skin injury, excessive bleeding, and excessive fluid loss and adverse response to the anesthesia.
Before beginning the Gynecomastia Surgery a mammogram or X-ray is taken to determine the number of fat globules and the glandular tissue present in the breast. Vitamin supplements and advice to stop smoking and other tobacco related addictions and alcohol intake is given.
Anesthesia is chosen by the surgeon and it can be either general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation. Initially an incision is taken in the dark area around the nipple or in the armpit. Through this incision taken, the surgeon cuts away the excessive glandular tissue and the fat with the skin from the sides and the bottom of the breast. If liposuction is to be done along with the removal of the glandular tissue, the cannula is inserted into the incision, if the surgery involves greater amount of removal of the glandular tissue, large incisions are taken which can develop noticeable scars in the area where surgery is performed. If the abnormal breast consists of excessive fatty tissue instead of glandular tissue, a liposuction is preferred by the surgeon for the Gynecomastia Surgery. An incision is made near areola or near the underarm as comfortable for patient. The incision is small and a cannula, which is a slim and hollow pump which is attached to a vacuum pump, is inserted through the incision. A drain is inserted through a separate incision to relieve excess fluids. After surgery the incision are covered with dressing and bandage. It is normal to experience some discomfort for a few days after the procedure. It is relieved by medication. Swelling and bruising may be present. Gynecomastia Surgery improves your personality and boost self confidence, thus helpful in people suffering from gynecomastia.
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