A healthy body is needed for a person to function well in day to day activities. Potassium is important for the body to perform well; it can be found in meat products particularly in turkey and beef as well as from fish. Abundant in fruits like banana, avocado, orange and kiwi; it is also available from vegetables that are green and leafy, people have a rich source of the mineral. Low levels of potassium can be dangerous and lead to hypokalemia symptoms and treatment may become necessary.
Improper diet is not the sole reason why people suffer from low potassium level; it can also be due to gastrointestinal problems and the loss that occurs in the kidney. People who suffer from frequent vomiting or experience diarrhea incur losses in potassium levels. Those who have had bowel operation that resulted to ileostomy also experience potassium loss; the intake of laxative and the existence of villous adenoma are also factors to the mineral loss. Apart from detecting the loss, identifying hypokalemia symptoms and treatment are likewise vital to bring back the body’s energy and full potential.
In the study of hypokalemia symptoms and treatment, researchers likewise identified the causes of potassium decrease in the kidney as well as those cases that are due to certain medications like prednisone and gentamicin. Water pills that are taken to help in proper urination and increase in the level of corticosteroid have been identified to lower potassium in the kidney; aldosterone levels and the existence of renal tubular acidosis are also contributing factors to the decrease; the mineral is also affected by magnesium level in the body.
Studies revealed that weakness of the muscles as well as aches and cramps are known hypokalemia symptoms and treatment will be wise to prevent other adverse effects. Low levels of potassium lead to low discharge of energy needed by the cells to repolarize and because of this, the body’s nerves and muscle systems cannot function properly. The heart is one of the vital organs affected by this condition, thus monitoring the heartbeat of the person is necessary, severe conditions are perilous and can end up in arrhythmias.
Once there is a diagnosis of hypokalemia symptoms and treatment has been followed, the body can function properly again, that is why it is important to undergo consultation with the doctor. Patients with high blood pressure who take medications as well as persons who have experienced dehydration as a result of frequent throwing up and diarrhea undergo monitoring of potassium level; dehydrated patients’ electrolytes are tested to know if the doctor can prescribe something to substitute potassium lost.
Suspected patients will be asked to undergo blood testing and electrocardiogram procedures as well as other series of tests. Once the cause has been identified, the doctor can then prescribe supplements or medication to address the loss. Apart from medication, eating the right foods that are rich in potassium and living a healthy lifestyle will be of great help both in the treatment and prevention of hypokalemia.
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