Several different kinds of diseases and conditions exist relating to the thyroid but most of them can be cured simply through medication. However there are some cases of thyroid conditions which require surgery which is medically termed as thyroidectomy. Such cases mostly involve cancer of the thyroid, difficulty breathing and swallowing due to enlarged thyroid, hyperthyroidism where the thyroid gland gets over active or in cases where patients refuse to get treatment through medication. These are the cases where thyroidectomy becomes necessary.
There are three different kinds of thyroid surgeries out of which one is thyroidectomy. Thyroidectomy is the most common form of thyroid surgery. Thyroidectomy is performed on patients who have thyroid cancer and also on patients with Grave’s disease or for those patients who suffer from the enlargement of the thyroid. This thyroidectomy involves removal of the entire thyroid gland along with the nymph nodes as well. This thyroidectomy surgery is quite safe but approximately six percent patient’s end up with some complications resulting in calcium deficiency also medically termed as hypocalcaemia.
In cases where patients develop tumor in their thyroid, thyroidectomy is performed in which almost fifty percent of the patients thyroid gland is removed leaving only the part that is needed for produced thyroid hormones. In other cases, this thyroidectomy is also performed to reduce thyroids that have become too enlarged or for patients who suffer from hyperthyroidism. This type of thyroidectomy is quite effective in cases where the patient suffers from hyperthyroidism. Bus considering the risk involved in thyroidectomy which is the chance of the vocal cords getting paralyzed, damaged or accidently removed, thyroidectomy is not always recommended.
Another problem involved with thyroidectomy is that in some cases the parathyroid glands get removed. This is very dangerous as they are responsible for regulating the calcium in our body. Another type of thyroidectomy is the thyroid lobectomy. In this case of thyroidectomy twenty five percent of the thyroids are removed. All in all, thyroidectomy is a relatively safe procedure to carry out. But like any other surgery complications can arise in thyroidectomy as well. These complications occur more frequently in thyroidectomy when the procedure is total thyroidectomy rather than subtotal thyroidectomy. The complications that can result from thyroidectomy are the parathyroid glands becoming underactive. When this happens the body produces less amount of calcium for the body. Another damage that can result from thyroidectomy is laryngeal which can change your voice.
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