Wolff Parkinson white syndrome is characterized by an extra electrical conduction pathway in the heart. This causes the electrical impulses to reach the ventricles in a much shorter time. This is due to the presence of an accessory pathway which acts like a shortcut for the impulses to reach the ventricles.
There is a general disturbance in the normal rhythms of the heart which causes arrhythmias. In normal conditions the heart beats due to the normal electrical impulses which it receives from the atrium which is the upper part of the heart to the ventricle which is the lower part of the heart. In Wolff Parkinson white syndrome this normal pattern is disturbed.
This syndrome can be confirmed with the help on an ECG which shows abnormal electrical impulse activity of the heart.
The initial symptoms of the Wolff Parkinson white syndrome can be seen at an early age ranging from about 10- 11 years of age in most cases. A very high heart rate is found in people suffering from this syndrome.
Wolff Parkinson white syndrome occurs very rarely. It is seen to occur in 1-3 individuals out of every 1000 individuals in the whole world.
-the patient may feel dizzy.
-frequent attacks of syncope may be experienced.
-palpitations may be felt easily.
People suffering from Wolff Parkinson white syndrome show a high risk of developing a cardiac arrest which may or may not lead to death. Hence it’s a serious condition.
-Sudden hypotension (low blood pressure)
-Heart failure which could result due to the inability of the heart to pump blood adequately.
-Ventricular fibrillation which is a condition which results due to the rapid ventricular activities.
-Sudden death due to complete circulatory and heart failure.
The electrical activity of the heart can be studied with the help of an ECG.
EKG examination is also done. By performing these tests the electrical impulses of the heart can be tested. Generally there is a normal wave pattern seen in an ECG, any kind of abnormality can be detected and treated thereafter.
The diagnosis can be confirmed by electrophysiological testing. By doing the electrophysiological testing the cause of the Wolff Parkinson white syndrome can be noted.
People suffering from this syndrome generally do not need any kind of treatment if they fail to show any symptoms. It is however important to keep the tachycardia under control. For this purpose it is advisable to take medication for the same. If the condition of the patient does not improve even after taking medication, more operative procedures may be required such as interrupting the abnormal conduction pathways. This could be done with the help of radiofrequency.
A procedure called the catheter ablation. In this procedure a catheter is inserted into the problem area. The tissue is treated with radiofrequency there. By doing so the tissue which is treated dies and the abnormal electric transmission is stopped.
The outcome of the treatment depends on the degree of severity of the Wolff Parkinson white syndrome.
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