Although the normal spine may appear straight when seen from the back, it actually has four natural curves: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral curvatures. The cervical and lumbar curvatures are collectively called lordotic curves while the kyphotic curves are comprised of the sacral and thoracic curves. The curves are responsible for absorbing mechanical stress from daily activities. However, lordosis can happen when too much stress is absorbed.
The spinal disorder, which is also usually called swayback, is a relatively common condition that happens to people regardless of age. It is a spine problem typified by extreme curvature in the lower areas of the back. Saddlebacks and hollow backs are terminologies often used to describe extreme lordotic curvatures. There are several factors that can cause the disease. These include osteoporosis, achondroplasia, posture, spondylolithesis, obesity, kyphosis, tight lower back muscles, pregnancy, and excessive visceral fat.
Lordosis of the spine is usually caused by the mass disparity between inter-vertebral discs. In some cases, the muscles surrounding the hips and the spine tighten, weaken and become stretched. A condition known as the lower crossed syndrome happens because of this, which later causes spine curvature.
The disease does not always manifest symptoms, and can sometimes go undetected. Excessive lordotic curves may result to extreme strain on the low back area. An individual afflicted with the disease may project poor vertebral posture. The butt protrudes outwards more than the normal and the lower back can sometimes show an inward dip, resulting to an exaggerated stance.
The symptoms arising from lordosis may vary from person to person. Other people may experience lower back and leg pains. Changes in the bowel movements and in urinating may also happen. Symptoms can sometimes appear like those of other spinal disorders. It is therefore best to consult a doctor for the appropriate diagnosis. Immediate detection can help prevent the condition from worsening.
Usually, the disease does not cause any serious problems and discomfort that is why it often does not necessitate special treatments. But in cases of extreme lordosis, the curves may cause extreme pain in the lower back and this may need medical attention. The disease may be diagnosed through x-rays, bone scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography scan (CT scan), and blood tests.
The treatment of cervical lordosis will largely depend on the gravity and nature of the lordotic curve. There are non-surgical traditional treatments including the administration of pain management medication like analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs; physical therapy including some exercise programs specifically intended for patients of the disease; back braces; and weight reduction. The special exercises may include stretching of the overused muscles.
The severe form of the disease, on the other hand, can cause more serious health problems that may necessitate surgical procedures. When all non-surgical remedies fail, a spine surgery may be recommended. Other surgical procedures may be available depending on the severity and type of the patient’s condition. For quick and effective recovery after surgery, a special diet and exercise regimen will be prescribed by the attending physician.
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