Basically, there are two main blood cancer types. They are classified according to the location of the cancer and the specific type of blood cell that is affected by this disease. The severity and the presentation of this condition also depend on the blood cancer types. While some of the blood cancer types can easily be treated, there are also some that may be beyond conservative care. In this light, it is very important to detect the blood cancer types early in their courses. This is because early intervention of these diseases can usually delay or even stop the blood cancer from spreading to other parts of the body before they even get worse.
Usually, blood cancer affects the lymphatic system and the bone marrow of the human being. The presentation of the disease may either be acute or chronic. When the condition is dubbed to be an acute one, this means that the blood cancer has just recently spread over the area that it affects. This also means that the disease may be progressing at a relatively fast rate, thus requiring immediate medical attention. When this happens, certain supportive interventions such as blood transfusion may be helpful in temporarily addressing some of the significant problems of the patient with acute blood cancer. It will also be helpful if the patient will undergo close monitoring of the white blood cell count. Usually, patients with blood cancer have white blood cell counts that surpass the normal values and are continuously increasing in an uncontrollable rate.
Another classification of blood cancer is the chronic type. In this classification, the white blood cells affected by the chronic blood cancer usually multiplies at a rate that is relatively slower than the growth in the acute type. In some cases, the rate of multiplication is too slow that no immediate treatment is required. However, patients with this rare type of blood cancer are subjected to a close monitoring of the condition. As soon as the rate of white blood cell multiplication accelerates, immediate treatment is warranted. This applies to all of the cases, unless the patient refuses to undergo any forms of treatment.
Aside from these two main classifications, the types of blood cancer can also be classified according to the location that is affected by the condition. The first type is the lymphatic type. As the term implies, the cancer affects the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is considered as a part of the circulatory system, the body system that supplies blood and other forms of fluids to different parts of your body. The lymphatic system supplies lymph, a fluid that flows with the blood, to different parts of your body. This fluid is propelled by the valves of the veins and the beat of the heart. Lymph is essential in enhancing the immune system of your body. In lymphatic blood cancer, the lymph nodes become swollen, thus compromising its function. The lymph nodes serve as the parts that produce the lymphatic fluids. They also serve as one of the first lines of defense when an infection strikes your body.
Another type is the myeloid type. This predominantly affects the bone marrow of the body. The bone marrow is responsible for the creation of both white and red blood cells. When the bone marrow is affected, the rate at which it creates blood cells is also affected. This, in turn, can cause harmful effects on different parts of your body that needs oxygenated blood. The parts that also need defense from an ongoing infectious process may also be greatly affected.
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