Magnesium supplements are required by individuals with deficient levels of the mineral magnesium in their bodies. Our magnesium requirements are generally fulfilled by our dietary intakes as magnesium is found in fibrous food options such green, leafy vegetables, grains, cereals, nuts. However a situation wherein the levels of this mineral are below par may arise. Commonly it is seen in individuals suffering from a health condition that leads to heavy losses of magnesium or obstructs the absorption of magnesium.
Studies and researches have approximated that the regular person’s body contains roughly about 25 grams of magnesium, and around 50% of that resides in the bones. The incidence of low levels of magnesium is most observed amongst alcohol abusers. Magnesium is an essential element for the proper functioning of our body. It plays an important role in a large and varied number of bodily processes (around 300 enzymatic reactions alone) hence its deficiency can have numerous symptoms and effects.
Magnesium supplements are either taken orally or via an injection. The former is the norm while the latter is done in the severe cases of deficiency. Some pharmaceutical companies have begun manufacturing magnesium/calcium combination supplements containing a 2:1 or 3:1 ratio of the two minerals. This proportion has been prescribed as being idyllic for the effective absorption and retention of these elements. However, this pronouncement has not been supported by reliable scientific research.
The table below summarizes the daily-recommended dosage of magnesium supplements.
|Infants (birth to 3 years of age)||40-80|
|Children 4 to 6 years of age||120|
|Children 7 to 10 years of age||170|
|Adolescent and adult males||270-400|
|Adolescent and adult females||280-300|
Possible side effects of magnesium supplements
Magnesium is reckoned to be adequately safe for most individuals when administered either orally or when the prescribed amounts are injected correctly. In some people, magnesium supplementation might lead to stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea as well as the occurrence of some other side effects.
It has been founded that doses stipulating less than 350 mg of magnesium per day are safe for most adults. If taken in extremely large amounts, magnesium may become hazardous for the person. An excess build up of magnesium in the system may cause serious side effects including an irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, slowed and labored breathing, coma, and even death.
Particular safety measures
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Magnesium supplements are considered to be safe for pregnant or breast-feeding women when taken through the oral route as per as the quantity suggested by a qualified health professional. These amounts are generally determined according to the age of the woman.
Heart block: Considerable doses of magnesium (by and large delivered through IV) should not be administered to people suffering with a heart block condition.
Kidney problems such as renal failure: Kidneys that are malfunctioning are unable to clear magnesium from the body. Ingesting additional magnesium can cause magnesium to accumulate up to risky levels.
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