Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the tissue underneath the skin. This infection is commonly caused by bacteria that enter the broken skin or even normal skin. When it starts to spread, it may then result to infection and inflammation. Cellulitis itself is not really a serious illness unless left untreated. There are also several ways to treat cellulitis and as well as to prevent its occurrence.
Cellulitis is caused by bacteria like Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. There are several factors that contribute for these bacteria to enter the human body like broken skin, infection due to post-surgical procedures, foreign object inside the body, body parts with poor blood circulation, or even the insect bites. As this condition progress to inflammation, it will then result to infection, and then to cellulitis.
There are several cellulitis symptoms that can easily be recognize even by a lay person. Cellulitis may occur in any part of the body, but when the infection occurred in the face, especially in the eyes, it requires immediate medical advice because it may cause much more serious illness like blindness. The following are the symptoms of cellulitis:
- · Redness of the skin or rubor
- · Swelling
- · Warmth sensation or calor
- · Pain or dolor
- · Presence of pus
- · Lymph nodes near the affected area may be swollen
- · Fever if the infection spreads all over the body.
The aforementioned are just the common cellulitis symptoms, but seek medical advice when the following symptoms occur:
- · High uncontrolled fever
- · Red streaks from skin
- · Increased warmth sensation over the affected area
- · Swelling that does not subside after treatment
- · Unrelieved pain
- · Presence of pus
- · Nausea and vomiting
- · Enlargement or hardening of the affected area
- · Numbness of the affected area
Cellulitis can be treated at home with simple remedies like elevating the affected area to suppress the swelling, having enough rest to relive fever, and over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen to relieve the pain. If the infection is not that serious, the doctor may let you stay at home and may just give you antibiotics to control the spread of infection. Antibiotics for infection are usually taken for seven days and should be taken continuously even the symptoms disappeared until the course is finished. However, if the cellulitis symptoms are advanced and cannot be controlled, the infected person maybe advised for confinement.
There are many ways to prevent cellulitis and the most important prevention is being clean. Bacteria stay to uncleaned body parts which will soon result to infection. If there is a broken skin, make sure to clean it regularly to avoid any infection. For those diabetic people, which there are poor blood circulation in some body parts, they may need to wear protective gears to avoid any injury and bacterial invasion.
Cellulitis is not really a serious condition, and infection usually responds to antibiotic treatment within 3 days. However if the cellulitis infection spreads to the bloodstream, surgery may be required to control the widespread. So if cellulitis symptoms occur, treat them right away to prevent further problem.
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