Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a form of cancer and it usually starts in the soft tissue inside the bone that helps form the blood cells called bone marrow. The cancer comes from cells that are called white blood cells that multiply very fast taking over the red blood cells and destroying them.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia – Symptoms
There are three phases involved with chronic myelogenous leukemia, these phases are:
Phase 1, the chronic phase has very little or no symptoms that are noticed, this phase can last for months or even years before it is detected, people would be diagnosed at this stage, usually by accident after having blood test performed for other things such as regular checkups.
Phase 2, the accelerated phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia is a far more dangerous one, during this phase, the patient could suffer a swollen spleen, and bone pain and fever as the leukemia cells grow more rapidly in the body.
Phase 3, the blast crisis phase has several problems that can occur if chronic myelogenous leukemia goes untreated such as weakness, pin point red marks appearing suddenly, fatigue, sudden bleeding, bruising, and many others diverse symptoms.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia – Causes
Chronic myelogenous leukemia is usually associated with a chromosome abnormality known as the philadelphia chromosome. It is most commonly found in middle-aged adults, both men and women, as well as children of all ages and gender; it can also be caused from radiation that comes from a nuclear blast, exposure or any kind of treatment related to radiation that would be used to treat thyroid cancer or even hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia – Treatment
The treatment given for the majority of those who suffer from chronic myelogenous leukemia is a medicinal pill called Gleevac. This drug is very well known for the fact that it has very high remission and survival rates. Additionally, if the white blood cell count is very high then sometimes chemotherapy is used to reduce them. To this day, the only known cure for chronic myelogenous leukemia is a bone marrow transplant or a stem cell transplant.
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