Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized as a multiple personality disorder. It’s a chronic form of mental disorder which affects at least 1% of the population today. Schizophrenia affects men more frequently than women. There have been many debates and discussions about the causes of schizophrenia over the past many years.
After a lot of studies possible causes of schizophrenia are noted. Genetics plays a very important role and is one of the most important and relevant cause of schizophrenia. Defect in the prenatal development, neurobiology and various psychological problems are seen to be the other contributory factors of schizophrenia. Till date a common cause of schizophrenia has not been noted yet.
The symptoms of schizophrenia can be seen in future suffers mostly in the age groups of 20-25 years of age.
Some of the causes of schizophrenia are discussed below:
- · Genetics: many studies show that schizophrenia is genetic in nature and its diagnosis is generally made due to various contributory environmental factors. There are many theories which state that the main cause of schizophrenia is genetic but scientifically no theory has been proved yet. When both parents are sufferers of schizophrenia then there is almost a 50% chance of the child to suffer from the same.
- · Obstetric complications: research shows that child with obstetric complication has a greater than normal risk in developing schizophrenia and related disorders at a much later age. However this finding is not proven yet. This is mainly because obstetric complication occurs during almost 30% of child birth cases and not everyone is a schizophrenic.
- · Inadequate fetal growth: low birth weight babies have a higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
- · Hypoxia: hypoxia is a condition which results when there is less oxygen supply. If hypoxia occurs before or during birth or even in cases where there is hypoxia immediately after birth, the child can suffer from schizophrenia. Studies show that hypoxia is one of the most relevant causes of schizophrenia. In cases where hypoxia is present along with genetic possibility, there is a much higher chance of developing schizophrenia.
- o some of the other factors such as intrauterine malnutrition, any kind of prenatal infection or stress factors show a risk of the baby to suffer from schizophrenia.
- · Some of the randomized clinical trials show a relationship between schizophrenia and those suffering from celiac disease.
- · One of the other causes of schizophrenia is when the maternal age is more. This happens mainly due to the mutation of the germline.
- · Exposure to toxic materials such as lead can also increase the risk of developing schizophrenia at a later stage.
- · Infections: infections such as influenza, measles, HSV, rubella can increase the chance of getting schizophrenia. The risk also increases when any kind of autoimmune diseases.
- o Certain substance use (drugs) can trigger schizophrenia. Most of the sufferers of schizophrenia on certain drugs which may have cause schizophrenia. This is seen to occur in almost 60-62% of cases. This is again a significant cause of schizophrenia. Amphitamines is responsible for causing many schizophrenia symptoms.
- · Cannabis: certain evidence based studies show that cannabis cause schizophrenia.
- · Tobacco use and other modern environmental factors and lifestyles have also been noted as a cause of schizophrenia according to various studies.
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