Common Enlarged Spleen Symptoms

The spleen is responsible in protecting the body from infection by filtering the blood and removing old and damaged cells in the body. It is plays a major role in the immune system of the body. A damaged spleen requires serious medical attention because if not treated immediately, it can cause excessive internal bleeding than can lead to death.

There are also many causes of spleen injury. It can be due to accidents, contact sports, or when the body is fighting an illness, the spleen usually enlarges to help in fighting the infection thus making the organ more prone to injury. The spleen is located just below the diaphragm. As it enlarges, it can press up against the diaphragm, which results to irritation thus the pain started.

An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is a disease that occurs when the spleen becomes overactive. It abnormally enlarged and begins filtering out not only the bad cells but also the good blood cells. Injured enlarged spleen symptoms are usually rare; however, the symptoms of an underlying disease are often the reason why a patient seeks medical care. These symptoms may include fatigue, weight loss, frequent infections, easy bleeding, jaundice and anemia.

The most significant damaged enlarged spleen symptoms are:

• Localized pain in the upper left stomach. The area around the upper left abdomen can also feel tender. Stomach pain may occur when the enlarged spleen continues to grow and the ribcage can no longer protect it thus causing injury to the organ. There can also be abdominal bleeding and distention or bloating, pain at the back and shoulder, and signs of shock depending on the damage the spleen suffered from the injury. Signs of shock include weakness, shortness of breath, and cool, clammy and sweaty skin.

• Localized back pain more particularly if the person has an injury on the left side of the body.

• Swelling on the left hand side of the lower back can be due to possible spleen rupture. This area can also be bruised and tender to the touch.

• Shoulder pain on the left side may also occur.

• Chest pain due to splenic rupture. Bruising may also occur over the area and it will hurt when touched.

• Breathing difficulty may experience by some patient due to stress on the lungs from an injury to the ribcage.

• An enlarged spleen also can push toward the stomach and cause anorexia (loss of appetite) or the patient can feel early fullness when eating or unable to eat large meals.

• Frequent hiccups.

• A rupture spleen can caused high blood pressure symptoms like dizziness, fainting, fatigue or confusion. Patient with splenic rupture may also suffer from blurred vision as well as nausea and vomiting.


If you experience damaged enlarged spleen symptoms as mentioned above, call your physician immediately. Blood tests, ultrasound, x-ray, or computerized tomography (CT) scan can be done to confirm the cause of the painful spleen. Treatment for an enlarged spleen is usually directed at the underlying medical condition that resulted in the splenomegaly. Depending on the underlying problem, treatments can be given through antibiotics, chemotherapy, radiation or surgery.


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