An STD otherwise known as a sexually transmitted disease has been changed to STI (sexually transmitted infection) because research states that an infected person has the possibility of infecting others without having signs of carrying any form of disease.
STDs may be difficult to detect since most of them don’t carry any warning signs or they may be mistaken for other health issues such as the flu, common cold or yeast infection. It is because of lack of detection of the STDs that they have the capability of causing serious illnesses later on. Even if you have an STD but there are no STDs symptoms does not mean that you can not infect another person.
Sexually transmitted diseases can be passed from person to person via sex – oral, anal, vaginal, through infected blood, the sharing of needles and from mother to baby through breast feeding or childbirth.
STDs symptoms vary depending on the sexually transmitted disease that a person has. These symptoms include:
- Irritation or pain during intercourse or urination
- Blisters, lumps, rashes, sores, ulcers or warts around the anal or genital area
- Irritation or persistent itchiness in the anal or genital area
- Reoccurring diarrhoea
- An unusual discharge coming from of any sort of fluid coming from the vagina or the penis
If you have any of these STDs symptoms you should contact a doctor immediately. You may be too embarrassed and decide to wait it out but just because the STDs symptoms clear up does not mean that the infection is gone nor does it mean that you can not infect someone else.
Sexually transmitted diseases can be tested through urine and blood samples. Complications associated with sexually transmitted diseases could be life threatening therefore it is imperative that as soon as you may think you have contracted an STD to seek medical attention so you could be diagnosed and start treatment immediately which significantly reduces the complications associated with the STD.
If you refuse to get a diagnosis the following complication may occur
- Cancers – cervical, oral, rectal, anal
- Eye inflammation
- Difficulty in maintain balance as well as walking
- Heart disease
- Memory loss
- Personality changes
- Birth defects
- HIV-associated lymphoma
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
Many STDs can be cured via antibiotic medications once early detection is made. All of them however are treatable even if you have to live with them for the rest of your life.
Sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented through safe sex practices. Latex condoms are one of the most effective ways of protection from STDs such as HIV as well as other bacteria and viruses that can cause major STDs. In order for condoms to work effectively they must be worn at all time during anal or vaginal sex. Please note however that some sexually transmitted disease like the wart virus or herpes can be passed from person to person through physical touch.
To reduce the spread of major STDs kissing, mutual masturbation and sensual touching are acceptable.
Having one sexually partner with both parties maintain a monogamous relationship is a sure way of preventing the spread of STDs.
Last but not least you can practice abstinence.
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