Glioblastoma is one of the variants of glioblastoma multiforme — the most aggressive and most popular type of brain tumors. This variant compromises a big percentage on the victims of brain tumors in the USA and is commonly attacking people at ages 45 to 74 years old. Males are the most frequent persons that are diagnosed with this type of brain tumor. Nowadays, there are a lot of things people know about this illness.
There are many speculations of the cause of glioblastoma, but there is still no sufficient evidence that could prove those speculations. Some scientists believe that polyvinyl chloride is one of the greatest agents of this condition. Also, some people associates it to several malaria incidence, stating that anopheles mosquito caries a virus that causes it. Just recently, another study suggests that one of the probable cause of this brain tumor is SV40 or cytomegalovirus – a very lethal virus. Among those different speculations, the link by blood theory remains the strongest. Many studies that focus on related areas, such as sex, age, and ethnicity, are still being conducted to find out the real culprit of this brain problem.
Some of the noticeable symptoms are heavy seizures, hemiparesis, headaches and vomiting. Those symptoms are the same with few other illnesses and vary from person to person. To confirm that a person really has brain tumor, that person, along with mentioned indications, must be exhibiting progressive neurological, personality, and memory deficiency. Symptoms of brain tumor possibly can show quickly, but usually are not. They remain hidden until the sickness reaches its prime. If a person feels any unusual things in his body, the best thing to do is to consult a doctor right away. This will help in the early discovery of the sickness, which is essential on treating it.
The treatment of glioblastoma is not simple. This is due to many complicating factors that are behind it. Some of those hurdles are strong resistance of tumors to conventional therapies, inability of many drugs to cross the blood and brain barrier, limitation of the capacity of the brain to heal itself, and susceptibility of the brain to damages. The most common treatment used today to address those complications is the combination of palliative and symptomatic therapies.
Palliative therapy is a treatment used in prolonging the life of people who have brain tumor. This therapy includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. It involves the removal of tumor margins through the use of beam radiation and chemotherapy. This process is said to have great results which increases the possibility of recovery of the patient.
The symptomatic therapy is used in alleviating the symptoms of the illness and improving brain function of the patient. This therapy involves giving the patient some drugs, known as anticonvulsants and corticosteroids, which will greatly help on his recovery. The bad things about this therapy are that it is given only after the seizure occurs and that it has some relevant side effects.
The stated therapies, along with some others options, have the possibility to cure glioblastoma; but still, there’s no therapy that offers 100% solution. This only proves that what people know about the brain tumor are just not enough to fight it.
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