Heart Ablation Surgery – What You Should Know

Heart ablation surgery, otherwise known as cardiac ablation surgery, is a treatment used to counterbalance heart problems such as arrhythmia.


What happens during heart ablation surgery is that flexible and long tubes are introduced into an entry point in the vein through a patient’s groin moving to the heart. During this procedure, the cardiac tissue that is the cause for the abnormality of the rhythm of the heart is scarred and destroyed. Almost in all cases, ablation forbids electrical signals that are not normal to arrive to the heart so that arrhythmia can be prevented.


Before anything else, you would surely ask if you are going to be given a sedative during the procedure and the answer is, yes. It will be inserted through the intravenous line that will be prepared before doing the procedure. It has been said that a tube will enter through your vein in your groin area then moved to the heart. To make sure that the catheter is in the right place in your heart area that needs to be fixed, a radioactive dye will be injected to help visualize the catheter as it is inserted, through X-ray. This may make you feel uncomfortable and it is very important for you to report to the surgeon if you are having difficulty in breathing or are feeling severe pain.


Three to six hours is the usual time frame of a heart ablation surgery but it will take more time for complicated cases. It will take four to six hours for a patient, after the surgery, to stay in the recovery room. Since it is not as invasive as an open-heart surgery, a patient may have the chance to go home during the day of the surgery, but it will still depend on the patient’s condition. Discomfort and pain from the procedure should not last for more than a week. Activities of daily living usually can be resumed after days from the date of the procedure.


Heart ablation surgery is not the primary option when it comes to solving heart arrhythmias. This is usually chosen if treatment of heart arrhythmias has not worked. Examples wherein heart ablation surgery can already be chosen as a procedure to treat the heart problem is when patients who have already taken cardiac arrhythmia medications still does not feel anything change, or when patients are already experiencing harmful side effects because of the cardiac arrhythmia medications, or when patients are already at risk for experiencing cardiac arrest.


But there are several risks that come with this kind of procedure. Risks that are included in a heart ablation surgery is it may create a pierce to your heart while the catheter is being inserted, blood clots can be formed that may result to heart attack or even the dye that will be introduced in the catheter could harm your kidneys.


To know if you are a candidate or already feeling cardiac arrhythmias, you must watch out for sudden palpitations of the heart. To recognize palpitations, you may feel like your heart is skipping or running away. Other symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia include feeling like you are about to faint or light-headedness, thumping of the heart, difficulty of breathing, a feeling of discomfort in your chest area and easy fatigability. Once you feel these symptoms, it would be necessary for you to visit your doctor immediately and find out if you are one of the patients that will undergo the heart ablation surgery.

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