One of the most sensitive parts of the face is the nose; it has plenty of blood vessels that are near the surface and is more prone to injuries or bleeding. Cases of epistaxis are often alarming due to the flow of blood that seems to accompany a worse condition.
Nosebleed may be caused by the weather; there are people who are more likely to experience bleeding during the cold winter season where the membranes are dry and easily cracks, thus the act of rubbing or blowing may result to bleeding.
Apart from the weather and humidity that greatly affect the condition of mucus membranes; there are other factors that can be attributed as the cause of epistaxis. People who suffer from infections of the upper respiratory tracts like colds or sinusitis are prone to bleeding because of frequent sneezing, blowing of the nose and even coughing. People must also be careful with the insertion of objects into the nose to avoid the rapture of vessels. People who have high blood pressure often encounter nosebleeds that is why they are advised to monitor their blood pressure; drugs like aspirin and other medications used to combat inflammation can also cause bleeding that is why they should be taken in moderation.
People who are going through epistaxis are advised not to panic, the first thing to do is to sit and have the head slightly positioned forward. The blood must be allowed to drip from the nose rather than to have the head raised; it is prohibited to have the patient lie down because this will do more harm than good. If a person is in a lying position the blood from the nose is more likely to run down the throat and it can lead to vomiting, the feeling of being nauseated and even to cases of diarrhea.
Since the nose is bleeding, the patient is advised to breathe using the mouth instead of the nose. Soft materials like a wet washcloth or tissue must be used to wipe the blood since rough materials can cause further bleeding. The patient with epistaxis can pinch the soft area of the nose against the ridge of the nose bridge to stop the bleeding; this must be done for a period of five minutes, if it pursues the patient must continue pinching the area. There are also available sprays for decongestion that can be purchased over the counter; they can be applied to the bleeding portion of the nose.
Patients with epistaxis are advised to refrain from bending over or engaging in any activity that requires the lifting of heavy objects once the bleeding stops. Likewise they must avoid rubbing or picking their nose or blowing for several days to avoid any injuries. The condition can be treated using first aid treatments but there are instances that the doctor is needed to be consulted since it could be an indication of other underlying ailments. People must go to the doctor when the nosebleed occurs frequently or when it happens during the intake of a new medicine; when a person experiences nosebleed and there are bruises that are not caused by any injury or accident, a doctor must be consulted because it could be something else.
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