Potassium is one of the most important minerals needed by the body for the proper operation of the heart. It is also responsible for the activities of the muscles all over the body as well as for regular communication of the electrical signals of the body’s nervous system. However, this mineral must be in moderation or just the right amount, an excess of which could lead to a condition of high potassium level in the blood which could result to abnormal heart rhythm. Hyperkalemia symptoms and treatment must be identified in order to prevent further damage to the body.
Studies on hyperkalemia symptoms and treatment often focus on the effects of the condition to the heart and muscles of the skeletal system. According to studies, this condition is hard to detect since it can be asymptomatic, which means that there are no specific telltale signs that a person is already suffering from it. There are however patients who said that they have experienced cases of nausea and experienced fatigue that is accompanied by the weakness of the muscle and certain tingling sensations prior to the diagnosis of hyperkalemia. These symptoms can be mistaken for indications of other diseases.
Many are trying to identify and learn more about hyperkalemia symptoms and treatment, in order to prevent adverse effects of the condition if identified too late. Even though the symptoms may not be as evident as other diseases and medical conditions, there have been known indications that a person might be suffering from high potassium levels; the slow heartbeat of a person as well as a weak pulse is considered a severe indication of the condition. It will not be obvious until the level becomes very high; this can be dangerous since there are cases when the increase is abrupt and unexpected which could trigger a cardiac standstill.
The level of potassium in the body becomes dangerous if it exceeds 7.0 mEq/l, this is monitored in identifying hyperkalemia symptoms and treatment. This is important since the increase in potassium may be triggered by other factors such as the existence of other medical conditions like kidney failure and ailments involving the adrenal glands. Once the kidney fails to work properly, the excretion of potassium also fails that is why there is an unwanted increase of the mineral within the bloodstream; medications for kidney patients also contribute to the increase.
The diagnosis of hyperkalemia symptoms and treatment include identifying other possible causes. The patient is asked to undergo examinations, blood sample is examined and an electrocardiogram procedure is conducted to detect if the person has cardiac arrhythmias. Mild cases are treated without the need to confine the patient in the hospital. A patient, who is diagnosed with a severe condition, is required to be placed in the intensive care unit to monitor the vital systems of the body affected by the condition. The patient will be required to undergo a low potassium diet and take medications that would lead the excess potassium out of the body.
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