Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus is a complication that usually affects the skin of a human being. This condition can be very long term if proper health care is not given in time. It is usually common to find this condition affecting the genitals and the anal areas of the body; however in some cases it has been reported to also be found on the upper regions of the body which include the breasts and upper arms. It is actually reported that women are the worst hit when it comes to this condition, reports indicate that the women record the largest percentage of the cases reported. This condition usually affects women who are at menopause or those that may have already reached menopause. It is also worthy of note that men also sometimes can be affected by this condition although such incidences are rare and distant. Children hardly ever get to be affected with this complication.
Lichen Sclerosus is usually characterised by some small whitish swellings that are visible to the eye in the early stages, these spots are usually smooth and somehow shiny. Eventually these small swellings will become very big patches and the skin on that area will become thin and crinkled. After a short while the skin becomes very easily torn and this causes some bright red or purple bruises to appear. It is also reported in some cases that the skin becomes scarred; this condition however does not show any symptoms in mild cases. The most common symptom of this condition is itching; sometimes you may also have some kind of bleeding and pain.
There is no clear cause of this condition, as no conclusive research has been carried out. The best that people know is that most of the people who get the condition are those who may be related to people with the condition. It is also believed that some people who may have had injuries at the points affected may be at risk. Those who have a very active immune system are also alleged to be highly at risk of getting or developing this condition. Lichen Sclerosus is not in any way contagious, this means that you cannot pass it or get it from anyone even if you get into close contact.
This condition is very easy to determine or diagnose because the doctor will usually just take a physical examination of your skin and make is conclusion, however in case where the doctor is not very sure, he or she may decide to carry out a biopsy; this simply means that a small piece of your skin is taken and examined under a microscope. This condition eventually heals on its own if it is mild but if severe, then you may have to be treated by surgery because if not well managed there is a small chance of the condition growing into a cancer.
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