Depression is a chronic disease which tends to get more and more complex if left untreated. A depressed person basically feels void of happiness, hope, laughter, and any other positive emotion. This void is then filled with negative emotions like extreme sadness, worthlessness and disinterest. Once depression sets in you start losing enthusiasm and passion for things you previously loved to do. Unless, this feeling is nipped in the bud, it can get intense and in extreme cases, people tend to become suicidal! When all other forms of treatment fail, people turn to the depression medication list.
Despite there being other methods of treating depression, right from simple methods like physical exercise to more complex measure like psychiatrist sessions and hypnotization, anti-depressants have become quite popular. Most people today prefer to pop some ‘happiness pills’ and feel better rather than waste their time and money on a psychiatrist. This has led to the growth in the depression medication list. However, professionals prescribe anti-depressants only after exhausting all other methods of treatments as this medication does have side-effects.
Generally, anti-depressants are meant to increase the serotonin level in the brain which makes a depressed person feel happy again. One of the most common medicines in the depression medication list is SSRI’s (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors). Most psychiatrists prescribe SSRI’s like Prozac or Luvox for first time users because they have proved to have the least side-effects. However, the medicine may not always have a positive impact on a user with the common side-effects being drowsiness, nausea, insomnia and suicidal tendencies. Thus, it is very essential that the psychiatrist first prescribes a trial dose to observe how the user reacts.
Another type of anti-depressant on the depression medication list is TCA (tricyclic antidepressants). These medicines are older than SSRI’s but the side effects are more severe. Plus it takes at least two weeks to start working and provide the user relief. Experts believe that medicines like Adapin, Pamelor and Norpramin are more suitable for severely depressed people as they have a sedative effect. However, these drugs interfere unnecessarily with numerous nerve impulses of the brain making the users extra sensitive to sunlight. They can also suffer from blurred vision and difficulty in urination.
MOAIs (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors) are the third type of drug on the depression medication list. This is the oldest type of anti-depressant that is used to treat mild depression and is recommended only when all other medication fails. The user has to be very careful with his diet when consuming these medicines like Marplan and Emsam because many types of food like chocolates, cheese and wine have proved to counter react with MAOIs. Sleepiness, weight gain and dizziness are some of the side effects.
Lastly, other types of anti-depressants that are present in the list are known as atypical whose side-effects vary according to the medicine. Some medicines included in this type are Bupropion and Trazadone.
Thus, depending on the symptoms one should consult a psychiatrist who will then prescribe the medication. Self-medication can be extremely harmful. Moreover, it is essential to remember that the dose has to be tapered down with time in order to reduce the side effects of the anti-depressant.
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