Lymphogranuloma Venereum – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

A sexually transmitted disease called Lymphogranuloma Venereum is gaining in number of infections more and more recently. It is an infection within your lymph nodes and it is caused by one of three main bacterial types of Chlamydia being present within their body. Lymphogranuloma Venereum is more common to infect men and the main cause is having too many sexual partners, as with most diseases too.

Symptoms of Lymphogranuloma Venereum

  • Painless, minor ulcer within the genital area that is relatively small.
  • Red, swollen areas of the groin
  • Swollen lymph nodes within the groin area, which are to the left and right of the genitals; one or both and can affected as well as the tiny lymph nodes in the rectum but it mainly concerns only those who participate in anal sex.
  • Draining groin lymph nodes
  • Bloody stools, bleeding and leaking of puss from the anus
  • Bowel movements accompanied by mild to severe pain
  • Swollen labia (outer tissue of the vagina)
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Diarrhea
  • Females infected with Lymphogranuloma Venereum can rarely develop fistulas (connections) between the anus and the vagina.

Diagnosing Lymphogranuloma Venereum

If an obvious ulcer is present a biopsy may be done if necessary but blood tests and other microscope methods are often used to give a definite answer. An ulcer or lump within the groin area does not always mean Lymphogranuloma Venereum is causing the problem which is why it is important to have the condition fully diagnosed by a medical professional and no one else.

Treatment for Lymphogranuloma Venereum

The treatment for Lymphogranuloma Venereum is similar to most other sexually transmitted disease treatments. Antibiotics taken orally, either in a single dose or over a few days, including tetracycline and erythromycin and doxycycline, are able to cure the infection and stop the spreading of the disease.

The main issue with Lymphogranuloma Venereum cases involves the complications that follow the initial infection that may occur even years after exposure. Lymphogranuloma Venereum complications involve a narrowing and scarred anus, long-term swelling of genitals, abnormal fistulas from vagina to anus and rarely, it can cause swelling of the brain.

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