Talk of “essentials for life” and, even though food, shelter, clothes, air, water are the predominant necessities that come to our mind, the science has gone a little deeper to identify the core essentials for human being, of which minerals are a very critical one.
Minerals are very important nutrients, and amongst minerals Magnesium is considered to be one of the most vital ones. In dietary discussions, magnesium deficiency is said to cause due to much less intake of magnesium than it is ideally required.
According to many proven studies of dietary and health practices Magnesium is a mineral that is essential to many bodily biological processes. It is helps body absorb calcium and plays a key role in bone and teeth formation as well as building up their strength. This hints at magnesium’s usefulness for those, who are suffering from osteoporosis.
Keeping heart healthy is also one of the functions of magnesium. It helps stabilize heart rhythm and prevents abnormal blood clotting in it. It maintains healthy blood pressure levels and also lowers the chances of heart attacks and strokes.
Even though Magnesium is available through everyday foods, such as Beans, Broccoli, Nuts, Seeds, Pumpkin, Soy Milk, Cooked Spinach, Whole grain cereal, wheat bread, etc., magnesium deficiency is still apparent amongst people. Why does it happen? What are the causes?
Magnesium deficiency is a result of alcohol abuse, poorly controlled diabetes, excessive or chronic vomiting, diarrhea, some drugs that deplete magnesium levels, etc. Early signs of this problem include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, and in more severe conditions, numbness, tingling, muscle contractions, cramps, seizure, personality change, abnormal heart rhythms, coronary spasms, etc.
Even though certain aspects of poor lifestyle are responsible for magnesium deficiency, there are few treatments available for this problem.
Any water soluble salt, like magnesium chloride and magnesium citrate, is a rich source of magnesium. This salt is available in the capsule form that typically contains 100 mg to 200 mg magnesium per capsule. Magnesium aspartate, chloride, lactate, citrate, and glycinate have 4 times higher bioavailability than oxide form and are equivalent to each other per amount of magnesium, but are little expensive. Magnesium oxide, due to its compactness, high magnesium content by weight, low cost, and ease-of-use is considered the best choice of magnesium source. However, because it is insoluble in water, it depends on stomach acid for neutralization before they are absorbed. This particular trait makes it a relatively poor magnesium source. Magnesium sulfate is soluble in water, but is commonly used as a purgative, due to the poor absorption of the sulfate component. However, in lower doses, they may be used as an oral magnesium source. Severe hypomagnesaemia is often treated medically with intravenous or intramuscular magnesium sulfate solution, which is completely bioavailable and effective.
Apart from people with magnesium deficiency, there are others, who need enough intake of magnesium. People, who have chronic malabsorptive problems, such as Crohn’s disease, gluten sensitive enteropathy, regional enteritis, and intestinal surgery may lose magnesium through diarrhea. Individuals with chronically low blood levels of potassium and calcium may also have an underlying problem with magnesium deficiency.
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