Myelodysplastic Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Dysfunctional blood cells in the human body cause many problems out of which one very common disorder is the myelodysplastic syndrome. The myelodysplastic syndrome is related to problems in the bone marrow. The bone marrow refers to the sponge like material that exists inside our bones where the production of blood cells takes place. Unfortunately no cure has been found for myelodysplastic syndrome. However several treatments exist for myelodysplastic syndrome to subsidize its problems.

The treatments available for myelodysplastic syndrome are mostly there for the purpose of preventing or reducing the chances of any complications occurring. In some severe cases patients with myelodysplastic syndrome are given a bone marrow transplant with the hope of extending the patient’s life. The problem with myelodysplastic syndrome is that it does not show any prominent symptoms in its early stages which make it difficult to detect. However in later stages of the myelodysplastic syndrome one will experience shortness of breath, fatigue, paleness due to anemia, bleeding and bruising easily and the appearance of pinpoint – sized red dots that form underneath the skin due to bleeding. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms of myelodysplastic syndrome you should go to a doctor straight away.

When something happens inside our body that disrupts the production of blood cells in our body we become exposed to the myelodysplastic syndrome. In other cases patients have blood cells that are either defective or are unable to mature and die before being able to enter the blood stream. When this happens again the myelodysplastic syndrome occurs. This is why one of the symptoms of myelodysplastic syndrome is anemia, bleeding excessively or infections all of which happens when the number of healthy blood cells in our body begins to decrease.

Based on their cause’s myelodysplastic syndrome is divided into two categories. The first category consists of myelodysplastic syndrome for which there is no known cause. The second category of myelodysplastic syndrome occurs from radiation or chemicals. When patients go through cancer treatments like radiation and chemotherapy they have chances of developing myelodysplastic syndrome. Based on the type of cells involved there are also two different types of myelodysplastic syndrome.

There are several risk factors for myelodysplastic syndrome. The major risk factor for myelodysplastic syndrome is older age. When we cross the age of 60 we can develop this myelodysplastic syndrome. The other risk factor is being male. This myelodysplastic syndrome is more common in men than in women.

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