Overactive thyroid (or hyperthyroidism as most people call it) is a condition where your thyroid gland is producing excessive thyroid hormones that speed up your body’s metabolism. Because of the rate your metabolism is going, the processes and the organs in your body also work faster. Some will notice weight loss because of the faster metabolic rate of the body, this condition might be good news to those aiming to lose weight but there are also other unwanted effects like palpitations. There had been a study that one in fifty women will most likely develop hyperthyroidism at some time in their existence and there is one in five hundred men that will most likely have it.
There are known symptoms of overactive thyroid and they are:
- · Having the feeling of being irritable at one point or emotional and nervous.
- · Shaking of the hands (or the body) even without feeling any chills.
- · Having difficulty to have a complete sleep or having complete rest especially during the night.
- · Cannot tolerate the heat and sweat more than usual.
- · Weight loss even if there is an increase in appetite (there is also a ratio of one in ten people that will most likely gain weight) and there is also hair loss or hair becoming thinner.
- · Feeling worn out even if doing nothing and there is weakness in muscles.
- · Having palpitations and shortness of breath even if you are just walking.
- · Experiencing diarrhea or frequent movements.
- · Swelling of the thyroid gland and swollen or red eyes and sometimes there is double vision.
If you happen to have some of those symptoms then it is wise to seek the help of your physician before the condition gets any worse.
There are symptoms and there are also causes of overactive thyroid. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Grave’s disease which is an auto immune disease wherein your antibodies in your immune system attack the thyroid making it produce more hormones than the usual it usually makes the eye red or swollen and is common in women between the ages of 20 to 40. The other cause is nodular thyroid disease where small lumps within the gland can cause overactive thyroid. Other causes can be due to some infection that affects the thyroid.
The good news about overactive thyroid is that it can be cured through the use of medicine, surgery or non-surgical method. By the use of medicine, your physician may prescribe some anti-thyroid drugs such as prophylthiouracil and carbimazole to decrease the thyroid’s production of hormones but by having this method you need to regularly have your blood tests to monitor your condition. Anti-thyroid drugs are good for 12 to 18 months treatment. The non-surgical treatment in radioiodine is used in most case of hyperthyroidism where it destroys a portion of thyroid gland so that it will be able to produce the right amount of thyroid hormones. The surgery is called thyroidectomy where your entire thyroid will be removed or part of it if you no longer respond to the initial treatments.
It is best to consult with your doctor the best possible option and discuss the possible complications of each method before going ahead. It is better to know beforehand than knowing too late.
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