Perioral dermatitis is an ugly disease and skin problem. It mostly affects women under the age of 50. Sometimes men and children are affected. The literal translation for perioral dermatitis is “mouth red- skin”. This term is accurate for the problem. In addition to the redness that occurs around the mouth, there are also bumps that pop up as well. Sometimes these bumps are the most obvious problem rather than the redness and looks like a bad case of acne. However this disease is definitely not acne. The small red bumps or pus bumps have mild peeling that occurs with the disorder. What seems to be a more pronounced characteristic is that of pain accompanying the bumps. Perioral dermatitis is also completely different from acne because of the difference in duration. Most people can pop a zit and it goes away within a day or two. If not treated this disease may last for months or even years. Even when treated the disorder can recur several times, usually treatment does stop it from coming back though so it is good news for someone who has this disease.
The cause of perioral dermatitis is unknown at this time. Some dermatologists believe that it is a variation on a different disease, but has not been proven at this time. The treatments for perioral dermatitis are creams and medications. A doctor or dermatologist will use topical medications such as metronidazole, erythomycin, benzoyl peroxide, tacrolimus, clindamycin or pimecrolimus to treat the bumps. It is important to note that skin creams containing steroids should not be used to treat this disorder. In more severe cases antibiotics are prescribed to help combat perioral dermatitis.
Perioral dermatitis has no guaranteed way to prevent its occurrence. A dermatologist might have some suggestions about which creams to use and may advise against the use of certain toothpastes but unfortunately there is no real preventative measure that can be employed against the income of perioral dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis does not need any special tests to diagnose if someone has the disorder or not. Occasionally blood tests will eliminate other conditions that can look similar.
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