In order to understand gout symptoms foot, it is necessary to first understand what gout is and what causes it.
Gout is a condition that plagues about 2% of the Western world, and is more common among adult men than among adult women. As such, it is one of the most frequently recorded medical conditions in the world.
Gout is a kind of arthritis (joint inflammation), and is caused by uric acid deposits in the joints. When uric acid in the blood is abnormally high for a long time, it causes a buildup of uric acid in the person’s joints. However, gout only manifests in 10% of all cases of hyperuricemia, so a person may have a high concentration of uric acid in his blood without experiencing this kind of arthritis.
Uric acid is that component of purine which it eventually breaks down to. Purine is present in most foods we eat, particularly meat, shellfish and meat innards. Hyperuricemia may be caused by one of two conditions: a lessened capacity to excrete uric acid and an overproduction of uric acid by the body. About 90% of the cases of all cases of hyperuricemia are due to underexcretion rather than overproduction of uric acid.
Here are the symptoms of gout:
- · Acute pain and swelling – This is most commonly manifested on the joint at the base of the big toe. This condition is called podagra, and is said to be so excruciating that even the light touch of a sheet on the toe is unbearable. Other than gout symptoms foot, pain may be felt on one or two joints such as the ankle, knees, fingers, wrists and elbows. The pain usually starts during the night, when a person’s body temperature is lower.
- · Rapid increase in the intensity of the pain – The pain of a gout attack increases rapidly and may stay with the person for many hours, days and weeks, depending on the severity of the condition.
- · Very red skin around the area of the affected joint
- · Tophi – Gout may first manifest as hard formations or nodules on the joints called “tophi” before any pain is felt. Tophi most commonly appear on the ears and fingers.
There are also instances when gout will manifest not as a series of painful gout attacks but as chronic gout. Often, chronic gout is mistaken for other kinds of arthritis, particularly in the elderly.
Knowing the basics of gout symptoms foot is not enough. If you recognize these gout symptoms as your own, see a physician right away and have yourself properly diagnosed. This will ensure that you will be treated properly. Gout is usually treated with drugs like Colchicine or Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs. However, more important than surviving the pain of your gout attacks is addressing your high uric acid levels. Your doctor may instruct you to start taking a certain dose of allopurinol everyday. This will help prevent future gout attacks and other extremely serious gout complications such as kidney disorders.
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