Sarcoma cancer occurs and originated from the overgrowth of cells in the embryonic mesoderm, meaning the targeted areas are the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, vascular and hematopoietic tissues in the body. This is a very rare form of cancer that represents 1 % of cases among 1.5 million cases diagnosed annually. This form of cancer is in contrast with carcinomas which arise from epithelial cells and affect the lungs, breast and colon. Due to structural framework of the body being composed of bone, fat, muscles and such, the types of sarcoma can affect any part and is being recognized for the many classifications depending on the affected tissue. Osteosarcomas are cancer of the bone while liposarcomas are those that have arisen from fat tissues. The name differs based on the affected area where cellular aberration has occurred.
Sarcoma cancer, aside from being differentiated based on the tissue of origin; it is also classified into grade levels depending on the malignant biological characteristics. It is further classified into low, intermediate and high grade. Being classified in this manner also helps in the treatment of the Sarcoma Cancer. Most low grade types are treated with surgical interventions, while intermediate grades are treated adjunctively with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. The high grade sarcoma bearing the highest incidence for metastasis, an aggressive approach for its treatment is necessary.
Sarcoma Cancer is subdivided into two, the bone and soft tissue sarcomas. The latter referring to sarcomas that develops in the fat, muscle, nerves, fibrous tissues, blood vessels and deep skin tissues. They practically appear anywhere as the most organs and parts are made up of these tissues. They appear in the arms, legs, back, neck, internal organs and even in the back of the abdominal cavity. The occurrence of these types of cancer differs in the predisposing factors such as heredity, lifestyle and overall health.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma affecting children. Though a rare form of cancer, it is predominantly common among children 1 to 5 and teenagers 15 to 19 years old. This type of cancer wraps around areas that lack of skeletal muscle including the head, neck and genitourinary area. Ewing’s sarcoma discovered by James Ewing is both a soft tissue and bone sarcoma which is commonly manifested in the pelvic bones, tibia, humurus and the growth plates of the bones. It is very difficult to diagnose but its most common symptom is bone pain. This is another type of sarcoma which primarily affects children and teenagers.
The occurrences of these sarcoma cancers are very rare as most symptoms may even be attributed to other diseases or co-morbidities. The continuous study and research of cancer and its treatment has significantly increased the survival rates of patients afflicted with the sarcoma. Today, conventional treatments are combined with alternative therapies to offer the best chance of survival among cancer patients. Treatment plans are individualized as the form of cancer varies in severity, staging and even the overall health of the cancer patient.
- Liposarcoma – Symptoms and Treatment
- Bone Cancer: The Symptoms and Treatments
- Kaposi Sarcoma: Symptoms and Treatment
- Teratoma: Symptoms and Treatment
- Neuroblastoma Symptoms | Causes | Treatments
- Blood Cancer Types – A Look At Them All
- Osteosarcoma Symptoms | Causes | Treatments
- DEXA Scan – It’s Uses And Advantages