Sexually transmitted diseases, such as the detrimental acute immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS and the highly contagious genital warts, are among of the most common critical health issues of the society today. The warts that are caused by the human papillomavirus or HPV can cause cervical cancer to women and even anal cancers to anyone as it can be transmitted during sexual intercourse. Therefore, this disease from the name itself is often found on the genitals including the vagina, penis, scrotum, and even inside the anus.
After the transmission of the virus during sexual activity, the signs and symptoms can occur within a latency period of months and even years. The symptoms will then be observed on the genitals in very tiny clusters. It can suddenly appear in any portion of the sex organs and even on the mouth or throat to where the virus penetrates during oral sex activity. Since these genital warts are form of infection, a feeling of itchiness and discomfort is very common during the early stage of occurrence and even worst on the critical periods wherein the warts can grow bigger and in huge number anywhere on the surface of the infected area.
There is a known vaccine for genital warts, the Gardasil. Since the vaccine only prevents HPV and is not developed to treat or cure it, it should be given right before the start of the sexual activity. Like AIDS, HPV has no cure and it can lead the infected person into death. But there are many treatment creams that are known to temporarily aid or manage the further growth and spread of the virus. Some of these are the podofilox, the aldara, and the trichloroacetic acid. The method of usage is by simply applying the cream on the affected areas. Some may cause local irritations and even fungal infections but the clearance on the infected skin can possibly result after a successful application. This is by strictly following the directions of use for each of the cream earlier mentioned.
Doctors are very serious about prescribing the right medication and treatment on genital warts. Considering the location of warts, the number involve, the cost of treatment, the adverse side effects of the creams to be applied, and even the personal preference of the patient when it comes to the method of treatment are very important. But in a sense, the main purpose of treatment is to prevent the transmission of HPV from one person to another.
Other methods of treatment includes the cutting of warts, laser therapy or the use of intense light to kill the warts, electrocautery or the burning of the warts, and a method of injecting fluids into the warts known as interferon.
Genital warts are already one of the global problems and international health agencies, particularly the World Health Organization, are in a close watch on this disease over the past decades. Very similar to AIDS, there are several ways on how to reduce the risk of infection. These includes the campaign on not having sex by the infected person to anyone, avoid having sexual intercourse with different person but only to one partner who has sex only with you, and the use of protections such as condoms and spermicidal creams for the males.
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