Talk of contamination and it already is everywhere… water, food, air… people’s moralistic values… everything is contaminated. Wish we could just wipe it clean in one sweep! … Aah, who are we kidding… we can’t do that. It sounds like you got a wound and you are just “wiping it clean” with a ball of cotton with an antiseptic on it. … Well, talking of a wound… that might be possible! Pretty effectively possible!
A wound contamination, which you must know by the name of “Tetanus”, is an infectious disease that is caused by bacteria, called Clostridium Tetani, which lives under the soil. This medical condition is typified by a lingering contraction of skeletal muscle fibers. Fortunately there is a tetanus shot available that can stop the contamination of the wounds.
Tetanus is commonly linked with rust. Nevertheless, this is a somewhat illusory notion. Rust does not cause tetanus by itself, or it doesn’t contain Clostridium Tetani bacteria. The only role that rust plays in causing tetanus is providing its coarse surface as a favorable environment for this bacteria to reside in. In Tetanus, the wound contamination is marked by a cut or a deep puncture wound. The muscle spasms develop along the progressive infection, which can be prevented by proper immunization, called Tetanus shot.
This vaccine is composed of Tetanus Toxoid, which is immunogenic but not pathogenic. It was first produced in 1924 and was mainly used to prevent tetanus amongst the soldiers during the Second World War. Now there are various ranges of tetanus shot are available, for instance, in mild cases Tetanus Immunoglobulin IV or IM, Metronidazole IV, or Diazepam. If the progression of tetanus is very severe, the patient needs to be admitted in the ICU and treated with tracheotomy, mechanical ventilation, intravenous dose of magnesium, or diazepam.
All adults who have never been immunized with at least three doses, or those, who have an injury or would that could cause tetanus, need to take tetanus shot. People, who have had previous anaphylactic reaction to this vaccine, or anyone with history of encephalopathy, should never take this vaccine.
There are predetermined numbers of tetanus shot for different age groups. The usual schedule for infants is a series of four doses given at 2, 4, 6, and 15 or 18 months of their age. A booster dose is advised at the age of 4 or 6 years. For adults, who were never vaccinated should be given these shots with 1-2 months distance between first two shots, and 6-12 months difference between the 2nd and the 3rd shot.
The effectiveness of this vaccine is marked with 100% protective level of tetanus antitoxin in the blood. However, because antitoxin levels decrease with time, boosters after every 10 years are highly recommended.
Although rare, there are few common side effects of tetanus shot, which are…
- Soreness, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Pain, Fever, Headache, Tiredness, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Stomach ache
- Allergic reaction
- Deep aching pain and muscle wasting at the injection site
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