Lichen Planus is a disease which usually affects the skin but may also be reported to be in the mouth. The exact cause of this condition or disease is not yet known but research is being carried out to try and ascertain the causes of the disease. However there are a few possible causes that are believed to be the major causes of the condition, these are allergic reactions and some immune problems. It is believed that exposure to some substances like gold, medications, dye, and other chemical substances have a very vital part that they play in creating this condition. It is very rare to hear of this disease affecting young children; however it is very commonly reported in middle aged people of all walks of life.
Some of the most common symptoms of Lichen Planus may include; mouth lesions which may be characterised by tenderness or pain, increase of the size of the area where they are located, sometimes these lesions may even form ulcers. Another symptom is skin lesions which may be located on the inner wrists, legs, genitals or torso. They may be shiny or scaly in appearance and may also have sharp and distinct borders. Other common symptoms may also include dry mouth, metallic taste in the mouth, hair loss; the nails may also develop some abnormalities like ridges.
The doctor can easily determine the condition by a casual examination of your skin and by asking a few questions that may help him or her come to the right conclusion when diagnosing the disease. In some instances the doctor may have to take a biopsy, which simply put is a test that involves the removal of a small piece of your skin and carefully examination is carried out on it by the use of sophisticated equipment or the microscope. Lichen Planus is usually treated by reason of managing the symptoms. This simply means that most of the time the doctor will treat your symptoms and by doing so they will get rid of your condition completely.
Other medical procedures may also be carried out in severe cases; these procedures may include ultraviolet light therapy, tropical immune suppressing medications, and oral ritinoids and so on. This condition may however come and go at some moments in life and it is therefore not easy to determine whether it has completely been treated or if it is just there although only inactive. The condition sometimes heals on its own without any medication being given. However if you suspect that you may be suffering from this condition, it is usually prudent that you seek medical attention as soon as possible. If medical attention is not sought in time, there may develop further complications which may include a development of cancer on the affected areas.
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