Back muscle pain in one of the most common symptoms people complain of. You may experience pain in the para-spinal muscles of your cervical, dorsal, lumbo-sacral spine, and accordingly you may complain of neck, upper back or lower back pain. There are various causes of back pain. Pain may be of sudden onset or of a chronic duration. Acute pain is pain that lasts for a maximum of 4 weeks, pain lasting for 4 – 12 weeks falls into the category of sub-acute pain and chronic back pain is the one that lasts for duration of more than 12 weeks. You may experience a sharp pain in your back muscles, a dull ache or a burning sensation.
Problems in your intervertebral discs like disc herniation or protrusion, osteoarthritis of the intervertebral joints, degenerative disc disease and canal stenosis can all be a cause of severe spasm of the para-spinal muscles and cause back muscle pain. Inter vertebral disc bulge or herniation may cause impingement of the nerve root and the pain may radiate along the distribution of the nerve.
Diagnosis: On examination you may have tenderness locally and spasm of the muscles of the neck, dorsal back or lower back depending on the site of your pain. Your doctor will advise you to undergo x-rays of your cervical or dorsal or lumbar spine, in order to rule out any local pathology as a cause of your pain. In some cases you may require to undergo MRI scans of your spine.
Treatment of back muscle pain: The cause of back muscle spasm must first be treated. In general, back muscle pain is relieved by rest. You must avoid all activities like lifting heavy weights, bending, too much exercise or overexertion when you are suffering from pain. Rest helps relieve the spasm of the muscles. The doctor might prescribe non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like acetaminophen, ibuprofen etc. which help to relieve the pain and inflammation.
Posture correction is essential for example you must avoid slouching, stooping and you must sit up erect. Hot fomentation locally helps reduce the spasm to a great extent. Physiotherapy is useful to relieve back pain especially short wave diathermy. Even after the pain has subsided it is worthwhile if you continue back stretching and strengthening exercises, which will help you to prevent recurrence of back pain.
Some back muscle pains are refractive to conservative treatment. Like if you have a prolapsed intervertebral disc which is causing nerve root compression and severe pain and spasm of the para-spinal muscles and does not respond to medications, you may need to undergo surgery in order to remove the disc (Discoidectomy) with or without laminectomy. Only once you deal with the primary problem, will you back pain disappear.
Some people might suffer from various nutritional deficiencies like that of vitamin D and calcium, which can cause muscle pains and cramps. In order to get your daily supply of Vitamin D you must expose yourself to sunlight for approximately half hour daily. In addition to this, you can consume foods rich in vitamin D and calcium. If the deficiency is quite severe, your doctor might advice you to take supplements in the form either tablets, capsules or injections.
- The Best Sciatic Nerve Pain Relief Methods
- Lower Right Back Pain Examined
- Degenerative Disc Disease Symptoms And Treatment
- What Is Stenosis Of The Spine?
- Piriformis Syndrome is A Real Pain
- Pinched Nerve in Neck: Symptoms and Treatment
- Body Aches Without Fever
- Shoulder Muscle Pain | What Is It?