Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms Treatment And Home Remedies

Urinary tract infection refers to infection along the urinary tract, the kidneys, ureters and bladder. The most common etiologic agent is Escherichia Coli. Urine is always sterile which means that it does not normally contain bacteria unless infected. Once bacteria enter into the urinary tract, they multiply and invade the mucosa of the tract. Urinary tract infections may be upper and lower urinary tract infections. Upper urinary tract infection refers to infection in the kidneys and ureters which cause fever, with chills, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain – mostly pain in the loins. Lower urinary tract infection refers to infection in the bladder and the urethra. This produces symptoms like burning micturition, dysuria, hesitancy, urgency, pain in the lower abdomen, fever with or without chills. Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men, as women have a short urethra and owing to the proximity of the anus to the vulvar orifice. Usage of catheters is also associated with a risk for urinary tract infections especially if proper aseptic precautions are not taken while insertion.

Home remedies commonly used for the treatment of urinary tract infections: The most useful method is to drink plenty of water or oral fluids in order to flush out the urinary tract. Water helps to flush out all the unwanted toxins by the body. Wear cotton underwear in order to allow moisture to escape and keep the area dry.

Drink Cranberry Juice: Cranberry juice dislodges the bacteria clinging to the urinary tract and prevents multiplication of the bacteria. Fresh cranberry juice is one of the most effective home remedies for treatment of bladder infection. Avoid canned juices as they contain a high amount of preservative and artificial sweeteners which could worsen the condition. If fresh cranberry juice is not available, one can use a readymade juice containing least amount of sugars. Regular intake of this juice helps clear existing infection and prevents re infection of the urinary tract with pathogenic bacteria.

Use of baking soda: A mixture of ½ tsp baking soda in eight ounce glass of water is useful treating urinary tract infection.

Increase intake of Vitamin C in order to prevent and treat infections of the urinary tract: Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin hence excess amounts of this vitamin are not retained in the body and the body does not contain stores of it. Hence a regular intake is essential and excess intake does not do any harm and is flushed out from the body. Vitamin C is freely available in fresh lemon juice and orange juice. An alkaline content of the urine can be maintained by a diet rich in milk, fresh fruits and vegetables.

Aromatherapy is beneficial to treat and prevent bladder infections.

Avoid foods like cheese, chocolate, dairy products, spicy food, caffeine, alcohol and cigarettes. Avoid drinks like beer, soda or any other drink with fizz. One should also restrict intake of processed flour products and bakery products must be avoided altogether.

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