All About Neuroendocrine Cancer

Neuroendocrine cancer, also known as neuroendocrine tumor is the result of an abnormal and rapid growth of normal cells. These cells are the composition of the endocrine glands that secretes hormones. The hormones directly circulate in the bloodstream and are responsible for a person’s mood, reproduction, sexual function, metabolism, blood flow and growth. Neuroendocrine cells or hormone-producing cell are found on the different parts of our body, from our stomach, intestines and lungs. This cancer affects the function of these organs and causes serious illnesses to a person resulting to a tumor.

The tumor can be benign or the one that is curable and can be removed without causing any danger to the patient or the cancer can also be malignant. Malignant tumor is cancerous and should be attended medically at an early stage. It is high risk and removing the tumor does not warrant the patient that it will not grow back. If diagnosed with a malignant tumor at an early stage, surgery must be carried out as treatment. It is said that most patient diagnosed with neuroendocrine cancer can live for several years more only if they would undergo surgery and if the cancer is detected at an early stage while other who did not take treatments die of this illness. 

The symptoms of neuroendocrine cancer are muscle weakness, fatigue, nausea, fast pulse, heart palpitations, anxiety attacks, vomiting and headache.  If these symptoms are present, one must seek the help of a medical doctor to obtain proper diagnosis. Common tests for diagnosis of the cancer are the biopsy procedure or the removal of a sample cell from the body for further examination and tests. Another is the blood and urine test, in here, collection of sample urine and blood is needed. Your urine and blood is tested to see if the cancer produces hormones that will signify its growth and assessment will be made. Computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, octreoscan and MIBG scan are diagnostic tests that provide images of what is inside the body, these tests are very helpful and much more accurate in the diagnosis of the cancer as compared to the other tests mentioned. It has the potential to cause carcinoid syndrome.  This syndrome exhibits combinations of symptoms caused by hormones and symptoms caused by the bloodstream. Known symptoms of the carcinoid syndrome are flushing or the discoloration of face, diarrhea, abdominal pain and wheezing.

A classification of this type of cancer is the carcinoid cancer.  It resembles a benign cancer with a high possibility of spreading on the other parts of the body. It is developed from hormone-producing cells known as enterochromaffin. These cells are commonly found in the liver, intestine, pancreas ovaries and other parts of the body. Carcinoid tumors are probable to be malignant. Due to the exhibition of benign characteristics, it is symptomatic and most of the time diagnosed only after a surgery of different cause.

The cancer populates very slowly and it often takes a decade for a patient with the tumor to receive the right diagnosis. Surgery is the most available and applicable treatment for this cancer and because these cancers have slow progress as to growth, surgeries are repeatedly done for several times at different time intervals depending on the growth.    

A healthier lifestyle should be subscribed by people diagnosed with neuroendocrine cancer. Avoiding psychological stress, over fatigue and poor sleeping habits should be avoided to reduce the symptoms of the cancer. Researches are abundant to guide patients in battling the cancer and give them a better understanding of this illness. Greater knowledge will give patients the chance to live a longer and quality life amidst the threats of this illness.

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