Category Archives: Heart

Symptoms of Heart Attack Looked At

Symptoms of Heart Attack

Would you know whether or not you were having a heart attack? Are you capable of recognizing the signs and symptoms if a friend or family member were to complain of chest pain? Heart attacks kill over one million people each year in the United States. Heart attacks, also known as myocardial infarction, cause permanent damage to the muscle in your heart. There are multiple symptoms of heart attack that occur but, first, you must understand what occurs during a heart attack.

The heart muscle needs an unceasing flow of oxygen-rich blood to keep it healthy. The coronary arteries give the heart this blood, as it is essential for the organ. When one has a coronary artery disease, the arteries become smaller which makes it harder for blood to flow through. Along with the blood flow, multiple things such as proteins, calcium, fatty matter, and inflammatory cells establish itself within the arteries which create plaques with a variety of sizes. When the plague is hardened, it cracks and combines with platelets and then forms blood clots around the plague. With enough time, the blood clot blockades the blood flow, which stops the oxygen-rich blood from coming to the heart. Without this oxygen, the heart starts to beat faster. In short time, heart muscles cells die, leaving the muscle permanently damaged. What occurs next is a heart attack.

One of the first symptoms of heart attack that occur is chest discomfort. It is the most common and can last for more than a few minutes or come and go. It can feel like a kind of squeezing, fullness, uncomfortable pressure, or pain. Things that may accompany chest discomfort is also shortness of breath, nausea, cold sweats, or having a light head.

Other symptoms of heart attack also include discomfort in other parts of the body like the back, neck, stomach, arms, and jaw. This discomfort, just as the chest pains, may last a few minutes or come and go at random times.

The last few symptoms of heart attack that occur are vomiting, sweating, dizziness, or nausea. The more serious symptom that may, of course, occur are rapid or irregular heartbeats. The heart may be slow for the whole day until it shoots up above one-hundred beats per minute in a matter of seconds.

For some individuals, it is possible that one may have a heart attack with no symptoms. This is, sometimes, called a “silent” myocardial infarction. The silent heart attack can occur in anyone but shows more in those that are also diabetics.

When the heart attack is through, it is important that the patient calls for emergency treatment to open the the artery. The artery is blocked so opening it will decrease the amount of damage that is done. There is a time frame of one to two hours from the first symptoms that occur which is the best time to receive treatment. Any more time after that will increase damage to the heart and minimize the chance of survival.

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What Is Congestive Heart Failure

What Is Congestive Heart Failure

There are many people in America and other parts of the world who suffer from congestive heart failure which is abbreviated to CHF. It is evident that you might be suffering from CHF and yet you are not aware. You might have heard of this disease though you do not have the right information on its causes, symptoms and treatment. At the same time, there are many people who are wondering what is congestive heart failure. It is important that you understand what congestive heart failure is to be well acquainted of how to go about it. Congestive heart failure is a medical condition where the functioning of the heart is affected. You are aware that the heart is meant to pump oxygen rich blood to the entire body. In this case, the heart is not bale to pump oxygenated blood to other parts of the body.

What are the causes of CHF?
As a way of understanding what congestive heart failure is, you need to know of its causes. There are many causes of this condition and might vary from one patient to another. Nevertheless, here are some of the common causes of CHF.

Diseases that make the heart muscle weak. You are aware that there are many kinds of diseases in world. On daily basis, new diseases emerge while those that have been in existence are still affecting people. Among these diseases, those that weaken heart muscles are known to cause CHF.

There are also other diseases that cause the muscles of the heart to stiffen. These diseases affect the heart in a great way leading to congestive heart failure.
Diseases that require so much oxygen are also known to cause CHF. In this case, these diseases demand a lot of blood from the heart to the body tissue beyond the normal capability that the heart can pump. Because of the high demand, the heart is overworked in trying to pump enough blood to be used in the body and the demanding disease. At the end, blood demand by this disease will cause CHF.

Symptoms
The symptoms of congestive heart failure vary from one individual to the other and regarding to how a specific organ system that is involved and the entire body compensate for the weakness caused by heart muscle. However an early symptom of CHF is fatigue. As much as it is sensitive indicator, it is also a common symptom with other diseases.

Shortness of breath is another cause of CHF. This is caused when fluids amass in the lungs. This is usually witnessed when exercising or when lying flat.

What Is Congestive Heart Failure Diagnosis and treatment

In order to diagnose congestive heart failure, clinical tests should be done. These tests will help the doctor determine the patient’s medical history that might establish some symptoms. Physical examination is also carried out as well as selected lab tests. BNP blood test might also be carried out to determine if a patient is suffering from CHF or not. In case the results are positive, then treatment has to begin immediately. This might involve change of lifestyle, aerobic exercise or reserve treatment basing on the cause.

I hope this all answers the question of what is congestive heart failure for you.

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Heart Problem Symptoms – Early Signs of this Fatal Medical Condition

There are various types of heart problems. While there will be special heart problem symptoms for every type, there are common signs that are generic to almost all types of heart problems.

  1. 1.      Heart Palpitations

 

This is one of the most common heart problem symptoms that are prevalent to almost all type of this illness. Skip heartbeat followed by unusually hard pounding is one complaint of people experiencing this symptom. In some cases heartbeat were defined as quick, fast and irregular.

 

An abnormal heart rhythm (Cardiac Arrhythmia) is a common occurrence for people that are developing a heart disease and have heart palpitation as one of the heart problem symptoms. Cardiac Arrhythmia has many types; most common types are Premature Ventricular Complexes, Premature Atrial Complexes, Supraventricular Tachycardia and Atrial Fibrillation.

 

  1. 2.      Chest Pains

 

Chest pains, albeit may be caused of some other diseases, is a significant symptom of heart problem. People experiencing chest pains may have various explanation of what they are going through. Pain can usually last for a few seconds to weeks or even months. Chest pains may mean pressure, soreness, throbbing, squeezing, numbness or discomfort on the chest and neck and may be accompanied by same amount of pain on the limbs, jaw, head or back.

 

  1. 3.      Breathing Problems

 

The feeling of something heavy being pressed on the heart that is making the person unable to breathe freely is a general description of this symptom. This is normally felt when lying on their backs; normally, patients with heart problems wakes up gasping for breath. Any intense movement and emotion can make the person with heart problems experience shortness of breath. While this symptom can be caused by a lot of other diseases, prevalence of this is a sure sign of a medical condition that requires attention and evaluation.

 

  1. 4.      Dizziness

Being frequently dizzy is a sign of a medical problem. While this can indicate heart problems, there are still various other diseases that can be the reason for people to experience episodes of dizziness. As such, it is important to seek medical advice if this symptom is regularly being experienced.

  1. 5.      Losing Consciousness or Fainting Spells

 

There are different kinds of fainting spells (also known as Syncope): neurologic, metabolic, vasomotor and cardiac. Cardiac syncope is a type of fainting experience that can cause a sudden death. 

 

  1. 6.      Unexplainable Sleepiness, Tiredness or Fatigue

 

Daytime sleepiness, especially for people who are getting enough sleep, can be a cause of alarm that needs medical attention. The inability to function on a day to day basis because of feeling too tired the entire day can be an indication of a serious medical condition. Somnolence can also be experienced wherein the person craves for too much sleep or suddenly dozes off without the person even noticing it. There are also cases wherein sleep disturbances like insomnia, sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome is also experienced by patients. Especially if this sign is accompanied by all other symptoms indicated above, this signals a medical condition that needs further evaluation.

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Understanding Heart Palpitation Causes

What causes heart palpitations?

The human heart is designed to work within a specific range of heart rates and stroke volumes to send life-supporting blood throughout the body. When it is operating normally, its function goes nearly unnoticed throughout the day. A common reason people give thought to their heart is because they begin to feel changes in the rate at which the heart beats or in how hard the heart pumps blood. These irregularities are known as heart palpitations, and they can cause discomfort to those who experience them. Some may even feel distressed because they do not understand heart palpitation causes and become worried that it may be a symptom of a serious disease. However, heart palpitations are common occurrences, and many turn out to be inconsequential. Understanding the causes can help put a person’s mind at ease.

 

Heart palpitations are normally caused by an excitement-inducing stimulus. In other words, a person experiencing heart palpitations is most likely nervous, shocked, or stressed; and the body is trying to adapt in a helpful way. The stimuli vary from case to case. A teenager speaking with his or her crush can experience heart palpitations due to the excitement. A person playing a sport or exercising can begin to feel heart palpitations if the heart muscles are overworked due to a spike in adrenaline levels. Both cases are caused by the body reacting to the external stimuli by increasing the amount of blood pumped with every beat and the amount of beats per minute. This gives more blood to the muscles and other body parts to cope with the stimuli. These and similar instances of heart palpitations are easily attributable to their causes and should not be a reason for worry. It is simply the body’s normal “fight or flight” response to emergencies, wherein more blood is sent to the muscles to properly deal with danger. In order to alleviate the palpitations, appropriate rest or distance from the stimulus will suffice. This will aid the sufferer in calming down and achieving a regular heart pattern.

 

Lifestyle choices can sometimes cause a person to experience heart palpitations. People who are predisposed to anxiety or chronically stressed are likely to report heart palpitations. This is also an example of the body’s “fight or flight” response. Stress-reducing measures should be taken to help relieve the palpitations. Excessive drinking of coffee or other caffeinated beverages is also one of the many heart palpitation causes due to their stimulating effect on the nervous system. Palpitations are also a common reaction of the heart when stimulated by cigarettes and recreational drugs. These types of substances should be avoided in order to alleviate the symptom.

 

In some cases where heart palpitations are not immediately attributable to a specific cause, they can be a symptom of a much more serious disease, especially when accompanied with other symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness, or dizziness. Heart palpitations with an irregular heartbeat or rhythm can be a precursor to stroke or heart failure. When heart palpitations occur with other symptoms and the cause is unknown, they should be examined by a doctor. With a thorough understanding of heart palpitations and heart palpitation causes, those who experience them can make an informed decision on how to handle them.

 

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Important Heart Failure Guidelines

According to heart failure guidelines, high mortality rate, reduced quality of life, complex therapeutic program, and frequent hospitalization characterize heart failure (HF).  Because the knowledge about HF is accumulating at a very rapid rate, most individual clinicians are hard-pressed to adequately and readily assimilate the new data into effective treatment plans for patients suffering from the disease.

Although trial data are valuable, they do not usually provide the necessary direction for the management of individual patients.  Because of these qualities, HF is considered as ideal for practice guidelines.  A full range of patient management, evaluation, and care of HF patients is addressed in the heart failure guidelines provided by the “Heart Failure Society of America”.

In general, heart failure is the inability of the heart to deliver enough supply of blood that the body needs.  HF causes various symptoms like leg swelling, exercise intolerance, and shortness of breath.  Echocardiography (ECG) and blood tests are used to diagnose this medical condition.  Treatment of the disorder involves life style modifications (particularly smoking cessation, reduced intake of fatty and salty foods, and light exercises), taking of various medications, and in some cases – even surgery.

Myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease, hypertension, and other similar types of ischemic heart diseases are among the common causes of HF.  Sometimes the HF is mistakenly used to refer to other heart-related disorders like cardiac arrest or myocardial infarction (heart attack).  Although they can subsequently result to heart failure, they are different conditions.

According to heart failure guidelines HF may be a common ailment, but it is definitely costly, debilitating, and a potentially fatal condition.  It is therefore not something to be taken for granted.  Based on studies, about 2% of adults in developed countries suffer from HF, but the figure dramatically rises to around 6 to 10% in people who are at least 65 years old. 

Heart failure is a globally-used term to describe the physiological condition where the cardiac output is deemed insufficient in addressing the requirements of the lungs and body.  It is also called congestive heart failure (CHF) because it can also occur when the low cardiac output causes the body to become congested with fluids.

The condition may also happen when the body’s needs for nutrients and oxygen increase and the demand exceeds the production of the heart.  This is known as high output cardiac failure and a condition that can result because of a severe case of anemia, beriberi, arteriovenous fistulae, arteriovenous malformations, Paget’s disease, and Gram negative septicaemia.

Although fluid overload occurs commonly in individuals with HF, it is not the same condition.  People undergoing treatment for heart failure will usually be euvolaemic or under a normal fluid status.  They will rarely be dehydrated.  Doctors often use the words acute and chronic to mean rapid onset and long duration, respectively.  A chronic heart failure is a long-term medical condition that is often characterized with stable management of symptoms.  Continuous, monitoring, medication, and treatment are necessary in order to properly control the disease and prevent it from getting worse.

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How to Lower Blood Pressure Fast

High blood pressure can have severe repercussions if it is left unchecked, which is why it is important to lower blood pressure fast. After the age of 18, the probability of getting high blood pressure drastically increases. It is recommended to have your blood pressure checked at least twice a week once you reach this age. The reason behind this is the fact that high blood pressure won’t show its symptoms until it is too late. The good news is that it takes years before high blood pressure takes its toll on the body. However, this doesn’t mean that you can just ignore this illness since if you don’t lower blood pressure fast then the damage of having high blood pressure can become irreversible.

The normal blood pressure range is just below 120/80, any higher and you are already at the initial stages of high blood pressure. This is a cause for great concern but you can still live a long and healthy life if it is treated properly. Unfortunately, there is no miracle drug that cures high blood pressure. Although there are drugs that can help lower blood pressure fast, the effects are only temporary. It is also not wise to always rely on drugs to keep your blood pressure down since these drugs have awful side effects that might even be considered worse than the disease itself. The best way to lower your blood pressure without relying on dangerous drugs is to live a healthy lifestyle. Regrettably, most people find this shift in lifestyle too hard to make and end up dying early. Drinking and smoking may provide you with temporary pleasure but the damage these vices can do to someone who has high blood pressure is just not worth it.

Aside from avoiding alcohol and cigarettes, there are also other ways to keep your blood pressure down. One surefire way to lower blood pressure fast is to relax. Stress can increase a person’s blood pressure since it triggers the release of adrenaline. Adrenaline is harmless in small doses but constant stress can inflict severe damage to your body and it is necessary to relax every once in a while. This can be done by avoiding frustrating work and keeping a positive attitude. You can also get massages and visit spas to make sure that your body gets its well-deserved rest every once in a while.

Eating a balanced diet and exercising may have been said a billion times before but only because it is truly effective. Avoiding salty and fatty foods is one of the best ways to keep your blood pressure down. It is recommended to develop the habit of looking for the food’s content before eating it. Even a supposedly healthy product may have extra sodium or fat that goes unnoticed. Exercise is always a great way to keep your body in working condition. More often than not, high blood pressure is caused by the lack of exercise. And doing some workout even twice a week may solve your problem with blood pressure altogether.

 

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