Adult ADD or adult ADHD stands for Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Almost 60% of the children diagnosed with ADHD continue to suffer from ADHD symptoms as adults as well. It is a neuropsychiatric disorder. According to the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-IV, there are three types of ADHD. The first type is the inattentive type, second, the hyperactive or impulsive type and the third is the combined type.
An individual can be regarded as suffering from ADHD provided he meets the diagnostic criteria which are:
- · Atleast six inattentive type symptoms for the inattentive type.
- · Atleast six hyperactive type symptoms for the hyperactive or the impulsive type.
- · All of the above to be suffering from the combined type.
The signs and Symptoms of Adult ADD:
Adult ADD is a chronic condition which begins in early childhood and persists throughout one’s lifetime.Adults suffering from the inattentive type of ADD will suffer from poor time management; they tend to procrastinate a lot. For example if he is supposed to complete a particular simple project in a day, he will take over two days because of poor time management and inaptitude to perform the task in a stipulated period of time. He may suffer from avoidant behavior where he or she shrugs responsibility and does not prefer to take on simple nor daunting tasks. He may want to specially avoid those tasks which require continuous attention.
He has difficulty when he has to initiate a task. As they suffer from a short attention span, they may have difficulty in multitasking as well. They also show inability in shifting attention from one task to another. They may also have difficulty in recalling things and organizing their various jobs.
Adults suffering from the Hyperactive or Impulsive type of ADD seek constant activity. They are not able to perform jobs which require one to be seated and concentrate for long hours. He would choose jobs which are constantly involve change and is unable to concentrate on any particular piece of information for a long time. They get bored very easily and cannot tolerate monotony. They make impulsive decisions and exhibit irresponsible behaviors. They are short tempered and blow their top off at the drop of a hat. They are extremely impatient and can be quite violent in their actions. They become irritable over trifles and can become frustrated and prone to bouts of rage quite easily and frequently.
A person must be suffering from these symptoms before the age of seven years and they must have interfered with his or her functioning in atleast two spheres of his or her life – at home, at school or work, over the past six months.
Treatment of Adult ADD:
Treatment of adult ADD usually requires a combination of medications, behavioral, cognitive and vocational therapies. Medications are helpful to control most of the symptoms of Adult ADD but as the skills of a patient suffering from ADD are not well developed he may require special training in these fields.
Stimulant medications are used for the treatment of ADD. Another non stimulant medication known to be quite effective is Atomoxetine. Some doctors use antidepressant medications for the treatment of ADD.
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