Should Carl, a high school baseball player, take steroids to improve his performance and win a college scholarship?
Luke is 58 years old, Emily is 36, and Mario is just 6 months old. All have liver failure. Which one should get the liver that has become available for transplantation?
Joy refuses to be vaccinated. Should she be forced to get a vaccine? Does it matter that the reason she doesn’t want to be vaccinated is her fear of needles? Would her refusal be fairer if vaccinations were against her religious beliefs?
Now teachers will have an innovative approach for students to address these and other bioethical questions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the global nonprofit Education Development Center, Inc. (EDC), developed “Exploring Bioethics,” a high school curriculum supplement. It serves as a guide for teachers to foster thoughtful classroom discussions on topical bioethical issues.
Students use four core questions that help them form well-justified positions on ethical issues and practices in biomedicine.
* What is the ethical question?
* What are the relevant facts?
* Who or what will be affected by the outcome?
* What are the relevant ethical considerations? (These could include respect for persons, harms and benefits, fairness and responsibility)
“Exploring Bioethics” covers six topics: genetic testing, the use of human subjects in research, steroid use by athletes, organ allocation for transplants, and the modification of animals for human benefit. The lessons promote problem-solving and communication skills, critical thinking, and teamwork. The curriculum supplement presents six three-day lessons in a convenient, all-in-one resource that is well organized for integration into a broader curriculum.
The NIH Office of Science Education and Department of Bioethics produced “Exploring Bioethics” in partnership with the Center for Applied Ethics and the Center for Science Education at EDC and with collaborating scientists, medical ethics experts, and educators across the nation.
The NIH curriculum supplement series — which includes 17 supplements on such topics as genetics, infectious diseases, cell biology, and the process of science — promotes inquiry-based, interdisciplinary learning. The interactive teaching units combine cutting-edge science research discoveries and real scientific data from NIH with state-of-the-art instructional materials. Educators have requested nearly 350,000 NIH curriculum supplements in the ongoing series.
The NIH curriculum supplements, available for free to educators in the United States upon request, are aimed at promoting science education achievement in grades 1 through 12. The lessons are aligned with the National Science Education Standards and with individual state education standards in science, math, health, and English language arts — showing educators how the NIH curriculum supplements will help their students meet specific learning goals.
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